JRA-55: Japanese 55-year Reanalysis, Near Real-Time Data -- Monthly Means and Variances
| DOI: 10.5065/7WR1-VB85
The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) conducted JRA-55, the second Japanese global atmospheric reanalysis project. It covers 55 years, extending back to 1958, coinciding with the establishment of the global radiosonde observing system. Compared to its predecessor, JRA-25, JRA-55 is based on a new data assimilation and prediction system (DA) that improves many deficiencies found in the first Japanese reanalysis. These improvements have come about by implementing higher spatial resolution (TL319L60), a new radiation scheme, four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4D-Var) with Variational Bias Correction (VarBC) for satellite radiances, and introduction of greenhouse gases with time varying concentrations. The entire JRA-55 production was completed in 2013, and thereafter will be continued on a real time basis.
Specific early results of quality assessment of JRA-55 indicate that a large temperature bias in the lower stratosphere has been significantly reduced compared to JRA-25 through a combination of the new radiation scheme and application of VarBC (which also reduces unrealistic temperature variations). In addition, a dry land surface anomaly in the Amazon basin has been mitigated, and overall forecast scores are much improved over JRA-25.
Most of the observational data employed in JRA-55 are those used in JRA-25. Additionally, newly reprocessed METEOSAT and GMS data were supplied by EUMETSAT and MSC/JMA respectively. Snow depth data over the United States, Russia and Mongolia were supplied by UCAR, RIHMI and IMH respectively.
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|Air Temperature||Atmospheric Heating||Atmospheric Ozone||Brightness Temperature|
|Canopy Characteristics||Cloud Frequency||Cloud Liquid Water/Ice||Convergence|
|Dew Point Temperature||Evaporation||Evapotranspiration||Geopotential Height|
|Gravity Wave||Heat Flux||Heat Flux||Humidity|
|Hydrostatic Pressure||Ice Extent||Land Surface Temperature||Land Use/Land Cover Classification|
|Longwave Radiation||Potential Temperature||Precipitation Amount||Precipitation Rate|
|Runoff||Sea Level Pressure||Shortwave Radiation||Soil Moisture/Water Content|
|Soil Temperature||Streamfunctions||Surface Pressure||Surface Roughness|
|Surface Winds||Total Precipitable Water||Upper Air Temperature||Upper Level Winds|
|Vegetation Species||Vertical Wind Velocity/Speed||Vorticity||Water Vapor|
Latitude Range: Southernmost=90S Northernmost=90N Detailed coverage information