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World Monthly Surface Station Climatology


This world monthly surface station climatology has data for over 4700 different stations (2600 in more recent years). Data for some stations goes as far back as the mid-1700s. See decadal coverage for more detail. Most of the data was obtained directly from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), Asheville, North Carolina. However, much of the data prior to 1951 came from John Wolbach of Harvard College Observatory, who contracted to have this data key entered at NCDC. The first six months of 1961 were key entered at NCAR. Sharon Nicholson, Florida State University, provided African precipitation data to extend the records of over 250 stations. Dennis Shea, NCAR/CGD, has been a valuable source for data obtained directly from various countries.

Temporal Range:
1738-01-01 to 2024-03-31
Air Temperature Geopotential Height Humidity Precipitation Amount
Precipitation Anomalies Sea Level Pressure Sea Surface Temperature Sunshine
Surface Pressure
Data Types:
Platform Observation
Data Contributors:
National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Meteorology Department, Florida State University
Climate Analysis Section, Climate and Global Dynamics Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Harvard College Observatory, Harvard University
Quayle, R.G., 1989: The Wolbach Dataset for Global Climate Monitoring - Philanthropy and Climatology Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 70(12), 1570.

Total Volume:
64.86 MB
Data Formats:
More Details:
View a more detailed summary of the data, including specific date ranges and locations by parameter
Metadata Record:
Data License:
Citation counts are compiled through information provided by publicly-accessible APIs according to the guidelines developed through the project. If journals do not provide citation information to these publicly-accessible services, then this citation information will not be included in RDA citation counts. Additionally citations that include dataset DOIs are the only types included in these counts, so legacy citations without DOIs, references found in publication acknowledgements, or references to a related publication that describes a dataset will not be included in these counts.