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International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPDv2)

| DOI: 10.5065/D6SQ8XDW

This historical dataset is recommended for ancillary use only and not as a primary research dataset. It has likely been superseded by a newer, improved dataset.


The International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPD; Cram et al. 2015) is the world's largest collection of pressure observations. It has been gathered through international cooperation with data recovery facilitated by the ACRE Initiative and the other contributing organizations and assembled under the auspices of the GCOS Working Group on Surface Pressure and the WCRP/GCOS Working Group on Observational Data Sets for Reanalysis by NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL), NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), and the Climate Diagnostics Center (CDC) of the University of Colorado's Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES). The ISPDv2 consists of three components: station, marine, and tropical cyclone best track pressure observations. The station component is a blend of many national and international collections.

NOTE: A newer version of this dataset, the International Surface Pressure Databank version 3, is available in RDA dataset ds132.1. Users are recommended to access this updated dataset.

The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and of the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which are supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 and Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725, respectively.

Temporal Range:
1768-01-01 to 2012-12-31
Usage Restrictions:

Papers are requested to include the following text in their acknowledgements:

Support for the International Surface Pressure Databank is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (DOE INCITE) program, and Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), and by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office.

Sea Level Pressure Surface Pressure
Data Types:
Platform Observation
Data Contributors:
Physical Sciences Laboratory, Earth System Research Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Cram, T. A., G. P. Compo, X. Yin, R. J. Allan, C. McColl, R. S. Vose, J. S. Whitaker, N. Matsui, L. Ashcroft, R. Auchmann, P. Bessemoulin, T. Brandsma, P. Brohan, M. Brunet, J. Comeaux, R. Crouthamel, B. E. Gleason Jr., P. Y. Groisman, H. Hersbach, P. D. Jones, T. Jónsson, S. Jourdain, G. Kelly, K. R. Knapp, A. Kruger, H. Kubota, G. Lentini, A. Lorrey, N. Lott, S. J. Lubker, J. Luterbacher, G. J. Marshall, M. Maugeri, C. J. Mock, H. Y. Mok, Ø. Nordli, M. Rodwell, T. F. Ross, D. Schuster, L. Srnec, M. A. Valente, Z. Vizi, X. L. Wang, N. Westcott, J. S. Woollen, S. J. Worley, 2015: The International Surface Pressure Databank version 2 Geoscience Data Journal, 2, 31-46 (DOI: 10.1002/gdj3.25).

Compo, G. P., J. S. Whitaker, P. D. Sardeshmukh, N. Matsui, R. J. Allan, X. Yin,B. E. Gleason, R. S. Vose, G. Rutledge, P. Bessemoulin, S. Bronnimann, M. Brunet, R. I. Crouthamel, A. N. Grant, P. Y. Groisman, P. D. Jones, M. C. Kruk, A. C. Kruger, G. J. Marshall, M. Maugeri, H. Y. Mok, O. Nordli, T. F. Ross, R. M. Trigo, X. L. Wang, S. D. Woodruff, and S. J. Worley, 2011: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project Quarterly J. Roy. Met. Soc., 137, 1-28 (DOI: 10.1002/qj.776).

Woodruff, S. D., S. J. Worley, S. J. Lubker, Z. Ji, J. E. Freeman, D. I. Berry, P. Brohan, E. C. Kent, R. W. Reynolds, S. R. Smith, and C. Wilkinson, 2010: ICOADS Release 2.5: extensions and enhancements to the surface marine meteorological archive Int. J. Climatol., In Press (DOI: 10.1002/joc.2103).

Knapp, K. R., M. C. Kruk, D. H. Levinson, H. J. Diamond, and C. J. Neumann, 2010: The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS): Unifying tropical cyclone best track data Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 363-376 (DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1).

Yin, X., B.E. Gleason, G.P. Compo, N. Matsui, and R.S. Vose, 2008: The International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPD) land component version 2.2. National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, 12 pp.

Total Volume:
573.55 GB (Entire dataset) Volume details by dataset product
Data Formats:
Related RDA Datasets:
NOAA CIRES Twentieth Century Global Reanalysis Version 2
NOAA/CIRES Twentieth Century Global Reanalysis Version 2c
The International Surface Pressure Databank version 3
Metadata Record:
Data License:
Citation counts are compiled through information provided by publicly-accessible APIs according to the guidelines developed through the project. If journals do not provide citation information to these publicly-accessible services, then this citation information will not be included in RDA citation counts. Additionally citations that include dataset DOIs are the only types included in these counts, so legacy citations without DOIs, references found in publication acknowledgements, or references to a related publication that describes a dataset will not be included in these counts.