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NOAA-CIRES-DOE Twentieth Century Reanalysis Version 3

| DOI: 10.5065/H93G-WS83

The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project, produced by the Earth System Research Laboratory Physical Sciences Division from NOAA and the University of Colorado Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences using resources from Department of Energy supercomputers, is an effort to produce a global reanalysis dataset spanning a portion of the nineteenth century and the entire twentieth century (1836 - 2015), assimilating only surface observations of synoptic pressure into an 80-member ensemble of estimates of the Earth system. Boundary conditions of pentad sea surface temperature and monthly sea ice concentration and time-varying solar, volcanic, and carbon dioxide radiative forcings are prescribed. Products include 3 and 6-hourly ensemble mean and spread analysis fields and 6-hourly ensemble mean and spread forecast (first guess) fields on a global Gaussian T254 grid. Fields are accessible in yearly time series (1 file per parameter).

The NOAA-CIRES-DOE Twentieth Century Reanalysis Version 3 uses the NCEP Global Forecast Model that was operational in autumn 2017, with differences as described in (Slivinski et al. 2019). Sea ice boundary conditions are specified from HadISST 2.3 (Slivinski et al. 2019). Sea surface temperature fields prior to 1981 are prescribed from the 8-member ensemble of pentad Simple Ocean Data Assimilation with sparse input (SODAsi.3, Giese et al. 2016) and from the 8-member ensemble of pentad HadISST 2.2 for 1981 to 2015. Observations from ISPD version 4.7 are assimilated using an ensemble Kalman filter.

The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project version 3 used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center managed by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which is supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 and used resources of NOAA's Remote Deployed High Performance Computing Systems. Version 3 is a contribution to the international Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth initiative. Support for the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project is provided by the Physical Sciences Division of the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science (BER), and the NOAA Climate Program Office MAPP program.


Papers using the NOAA-CIRES-DOE Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project version 3 dataset are requested to include the following text in their acknowledgements: "Support for the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project version 3 dataset is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Biological and Environmental Research (BER), by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office, and by the NOAA Physical Sciences Laboratory."

Temporal Range:
1805-12-31 18:00 +0000 to 2016-01-01 00:00 +0000 (Entire dataset) Period details by dataset product
Accumulative Convective Precipitation Air Temperature Atmospheric Ozone Cloud Base Height
Cloud Fraction Cloud Precipitable Water Convective Available Potential Energy (cape) Evapotranspiration
Freezing Rain Geopotential Height Heat Flux Humidity
Hydrostatic Pressure Ice Depth/Thickness Ice Pellets Latent Heat Flux
Maximum/Minimum Temperature Planetary Boundary Layer Height Potential Temperature Potential Vorticity
Precipitation Amount Precipitation Rate Radiative Flux Rain
Relative Humidity Runoff Sea Level Pressure Snow
Snow Cover Snow Depth Snow Water Equivalent Specific Humidity
Sublimation Surface Roughness Upper Air Temperature U/V Wind Components
U/V Wind Components Vegetation Cover Vertical Wind Shear Vertical Wind Velocity/Speed
Vertical Levels:
See the detailed metadata for level information.
Data Types:
Spatial Coverage:
Longitude Range: Westernmost=180W Easternmost=180E
Latitude Range: Southernmost=89.463S Northernmost=89.463N Detailed coverage information
Data Contributors:
Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado
Physical Sciences Laboratory, Earth System Research Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
 |  DOE
U.S. Department of Energy
Slivinski, L. C., Compo, G. P., Sardeshmukh, P. D., Whitaker, J. S., McColl, C., Allan, R. J., Brohan, P., Yin, X., Smith, C. A., Spencer, L. J., Vose, R. S., Rohrer, M., Conroy, R. P., Schuster, D. C., Kennedy, J. J., Ashcroft, L., Brönnimann, S., Brunet, M., Camuffo, D., Cornes, R., Cram, T. A., Domínguez-Castro, F., Freeman, J. E., Gergis, J., Hawkins, E., Jones, P. D., Kubota, H., Lee, T. C., Lorrey, A. M., Luterbacher, J., Mock, C. J., Przybylak, R. K., Pudmenzky, C., Slonosky, V. C., Tinz, B., Trewin, B., Wang, X. L., Wilkinson, C., Wood, K., & Wyszyński, P., 2021: An Evaluation of the Performance of the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Version 3 ournal of Climate, 34(4), 1417-1438 (DOI: 10.1002/qj.3598).

Laura C. Slivinski, Gilbert P. Compo, Jeffrey S. Whitaker, Prashant D. Sardeshmukh, Benjamin S. Giese, Chesley McColl, Rob Allan, Xungang Yin, Russell Vose, Holly Titchner, John Kennedy, Lawrence J. Spencer, Linden Ashcroft, Stefan Brönnimann, Manola Brunet, Dario Camuffo, Richard Cornes, Thomas A. Cram, Richard Crouthamel, Fernando Domínguez‐Castro, J. Eric Freeman, Joëlle Gergis, Ed Hawkins, Philip D. Jones, Sylvie Jourdain, Alexey Kaplan, Hisayuki Kubota, Frank Le Blancq, Tsz‐Cheung Lee, Andrew Lorrey, Jürg Luterbacher, Maurizio Maugeri, Cary J. Mock, G. W. Kent Moore, Rajmund Przybylak, Christa Pudmenzky, Chris Reason, Victoria C. Slonosky, Catherine A. Smith, Birger Tinz, Blair Trewin, Maria Antónia Valente, Xiaolan L. Wang, Clive Wilkinson, Kevin Wood, Przemysław Wyszyński, 2019: Towards a more reliable historical reanalysis: Improvements for version 3 of the Twentieth Century Reanalysis system Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 145(724), 2876-2908 (DOI: 10.1002/qj.3598).

Total Volume:
105.26 TB (Entire dataset) Volume details by dataset product
Data Formats:
Related RDA Datasets:
NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) 6-hourly Products, January 1979 to December 2010
NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2 (CFSv2) 6-hourly Products
NOAA CIRES Twentieth Century Global Reanalysis Version 2
NOAA/CIRES Twentieth Century Global Reanalysis Version 2c
The International Surface Pressure Databank version 3
The International Surface Pressure Databank version 4
ERA-20C Project (ECMWF Atmospheric Reanalysis of the 20th Century)
ERA-Interim Project
JRA-55: Japanese 55-year Reanalysis, Daily 3-Hourly and 6-Hourly Data
ERA5 Reanalysis
ERA5 Reanalysis Monthly Means
ERA5 Reanalysis (Monthly Mean 0.25 Degree Latitude-Longitude Grid)
More Details:
View a more detailed summary of the data, including specific date ranges and locations by parameter
Metadata Record:
Data License:
Citation counts are compiled through information provided by publicly-accessible APIs according to the guidelines developed through the project. If journals do not provide citation information to these publicly-accessible services, then this citation information will not be included in RDA citation counts. Additionally citations that include dataset DOIs are the only types included in these counts, so legacy citations without DOIs, references found in publication acknowledgements, or references to a related publication that describes a dataset will not be included in these counts.