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NCEP/DOE Reanalysis 2 (R2)

| DOI: 10.5065/KVQZ-YJ93

This historical dataset is recommended for ancillary use only and not as a primary research dataset. It has likely been superseded by a newer, improved dataset.


This dataset contains products from the NCEP/DOE Reanalysis 2 (R2) Project. The resolution of the R2 model is the same as NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis (R1) project, T62 Gaussian grids with 28 vertical sigma levels. The output fields are saved 4 times a day as in R1. The main objective of the R2 project is to correct known errors in the R1 project and update the parameterizations of the physical processes. Improvements are seen in surface flux fields, hydrological budget, short wave radiation flux, etc. There are also drawbacks found in the outgoing longwave radiation over tropical warm pool and upper-level tropical moisture. R2 plans to reanalyze the data starting from 1979 and going forward only.

The main R2 products archived at NCAR consitute of 6 subgroups: pressure level analysis, sigma level analysis, flux term analysis, diagnostic analysis and 6-hour forecasts of flux term and diagnostic terms. All data files are in GRIB format and archived by month.

This dataset is updated once a month. Limited amount of recent data are also available at NCEP ( Earth System Research Laboratory's Physical Sciences Division of NOAA has the same data in netCDF format at

Temporal Range:
1979-01-01 00:00 +0000 to 2024-07-01 00:00 +0000 (Entire dataset) Period details by dataset product
Air Temperature Boundary Layer Winds Geopotential Height Surface Winds
Upper Air Temperature Upper Level Winds
GRIB parameter table: HTML | XML
Vertical Levels:
See the detailed metadata for level information.
Data Types:
Spatial Coverage:
Longitude Range: Westernmost=180W Easternmost=180E
Latitude Range: Southernmost=90S Northernmost=90N Detailed coverage information
Data Contributors:
National Centers for Environmental Prediction, National Weather Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Total Volume:
1.21 TB (Entire dataset) Volume details by dataset product
Data Formats:
More Details:
View a more detailed summary of the data, including specific date ranges and locations by parameter
Metadata Record:
Data License:
Citation counts are compiled through information provided by publicly-accessible APIs according to the guidelines developed through the project. If journals do not provide citation information to these publicly-accessible services, then this citation information will not be included in RDA citation counts. Additionally citations that include dataset DOIs are the only types included in these counts, so legacy citations without DOIs, references found in publication acknowledgements, or references to a related publication that describes a dataset will not be included in these counts.